8 - -FOLKLORE

El término folklore proviene de las palabras inglesas Folk, que significa “pueblo” y Lore, que significa “Saber”, es decir: Saber del pueblo. Fue aplicado por primera vez, por el arqueólogo e investigador de tradiciones William John Thomas a lo que hasta entonces se llamaba en Inglaterra “Antigüedades Populares”.

Dicho termino ideado por Thomas fue adoptado por todo el mundo, pero con diversos contenidos. Para darle cierta uniformidad convencional en la reunión mundial de la UNESCO (París, Febrero de 1982), fue acordada por los 44 países asistentes, la siguiente definición:“El folklore es una creación originaria de un grupo y fundada en la cultura tradicional expresada por grupos o individuos reconocidos, como respondiendo a las aspiraciones de la comunidad, en cuanto éstas constituyen una manifestación de su identificada cultural y social”.

En Venezuela, el historiador periodista y médico Arístides Rojas (1826-1899) fue el primero que empleó el termino “Folklore”, en “El Cojo Ilustrado”, revista fundada en 1892.
FOLKLORE VENEZOLANO - "MI LLANO"

El folklore en Venezuela es uno de los más ricos y variados. Esas cualidades se deben, sobre todo, a que Venezuela es un país pluricultural formado por una mezcla de distintos elementos étnicos, y cada uno de esos elementos ha dado su aporte a la formación del folklore venezolano. No obstante, dichos elementos no son determinados directos y exclusivos para el origen y desarrollo de las manifestaciones folklóricas, ya que el pueblo, aunque las haya heredado e imitado, no las presenta de una manea igual a las que ha recibido, sino que las selecciona, adopta y recrea, dándole una forma nueva propia y original.
Si se analiza el hecho folklórico, podemos reconocer algunos aportes e influencias que se destacan. Entre estos son notables lo de procedencia indígena, europea y africana.
TAMBOR URBANO DE VENEZUELA

En nuestra música folklórica hallamos algunas influencias de la comunidad española, entre estos se encuentran bailes propios de España, bajo cuya inspiración se creó el joropo, estos bailes son: el fandango, el minué, el vals, la contradanza y la polca. La influencia también se observa en los instrumentos como el cuatro y el arpa que llegaron con la conquista y la colonización. Los indígenas también aportaron un instrumento clave, las maracas.
























Cita :
"El Coraje no se puede disimular, es una virtud que escapa a la hipocresía."
- Napoleón Bonaparte -

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